Terms. Concepts and Connections​


Terminology can get confusing in education.  However, there are organizations providing information and solutions that can help — if only we knew where they were and what to reference.  At Nsoma, we want to connect schools and universities with those organizations that can bridge understanding.


Data Privacy is front page news. Except it's usually schools that are on the defense.


To keep schools out of the press, the US Department of Education's Privacy Technical Assistance Center (PTAC) created a “one-stop” resource for education stakeholders to learn about data privacy, confidentiality, and security practices related to student-level longitudinal data systems and other uses of student data. http://ptac.ed.gov/ 

Blended, Hybrid, Flipped Classroom, Personalized Learning 

Within different organizations, terminology is "switched" around and used interchangeably.  Edsurge and other industry groups are working to standardize, but in the meantime, the conversation goes on.



Standards are a hallmark measure used as a basis of comparison.  It is a model approved by an authority or by general consent.  The International Standards Organization, ISO, publishes 19,500 standards for use in diverse industries.  


Within education, there are three main types of standards:

  • Academic/Content

  • Data/Metadata

  • Technical

Content Tagging

Tagging content to a standard is only part of the process.  It turns out that several pieces of content should be joined together for learning.  Content objects contain several pieces besides a video or reading passage.  These objects can be used in different ways and may actually consist of:


  • Pre-requirements

  • Post requirements

  • Learning Assets

  • Assessment

  • Questions for instructors

  • Introduction for presentations


There are several districts undertaking tagging efforts and industry groups working on standards and practices.